Germany saw relatively small amounts of territory transferred to Denmark, Czechoslovakia, and Belgium, a larger amount to France (including the temporary French occupation of the Rhineland) and the greatest portion as part of a reestablished Poland.Many people believed that the war heralded the end of the world as they had known it, including the collapse of capitalism and imperialism.With the end of World War I on November 11, 1918, the warring parties convened a peace conference at Versailles.Main articles: Treaty of Trianon and Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919).Changes in territorial configuration after World War I included.Denkschrift des Reichsgesundheitsamtes, Dezember 1918. (Parallel English translation) Injuries inflicted to the German national strength through the enemy blockade.
These feelings were most pronounced in areas directly or particularly harshly affected by the war, such as central Europe, Russia and France.Parts of the Ottoman Empire on the Arabian Peninsula became part of what is today Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
Aftermath of World War I - WikispacesDuring World War I Italy aligned with the Allies, instead of joining Germany and Austria.The occupation of Smyrna by Greece on 18 May 1919 triggered a nationalist movement to rescind the terms of the treaty.To this purpose, the chief commander of the Allied forces, Field Marshal Ferdinand Foch, had demanded that for the future protection of France the Rhine river should now form the border between France and Germany.A map with the post-war borders in red over the pre-war map of Europe.Political divisions of Europe in 1919 after the treaties of Brest-Litovsk and Versailles and before the treaties of Trianon, Kars, Riga and the creation of the Soviet Union, Irish Free State and Turkish Republic.Also, Japan was granted a permanent seat on the Council of the League of Nations.
Borders of newly independent Hungary did not include two-thirds of the lands of the former Kingdom of Hungary, including areas where the ethnic Magyars were in a majority.
World War I and Its Aftermath - McGraw-Hill Education
The war ended in the late fall of 1918, after the member countries of the Central Powers signed armistice agreements one by one.
Aftermath of World War I - Mr. AlbiniakAlso, there were several significant developments in medicine and technology as the injured had to be cared for and there were several new illnesses that medicine had to deal with.
The Tomb of the Unknown Warrior in Westminster Abbey, London, United Kingdom.As a massive, total war the conflict affected millions of lives, and shaped the future in.The German forces were defeated and surrendered to Japan in November 1914.Learn about First World War military battles on the Western front and Eastern front, and about post-war negotiations and the Treaty of Versailles.The First World War (WWI) was fought from 1914 to 1918 and the Second World War (or WWII) was fought from 1939 to 1945.United Kingdom: lost most of Ireland as the Irish Free State, Egypt in 1922.China requested at least the formal restoration of its territory of Jiaozhou Bay, under German colonial control since 1898.
At the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, the Chinese delegation called for an end to Western imperialistic institutions in China, but was rebuffed.On the western front, the growing strength of the Turkish nationalist forces led Greece, with the backing of Britain, to invade deep into Anatolia in an attempt to deal a blow to the revolutionaries.As a result of the Treaty of Trianon, 3.3 million Hungarians came under foreign rule.Some people were revolted by nationalism and what they believed it had caused, so they began to work toward a more internationalist world through organizations such as the League of Nations.
Many of these national minorities found themselves in bad situations because the modern governments were intent on defining the national character of the countries, often at the expense of the other nationalities.Others had the opposite reaction, feeling that only military strength could be relied upon for protection in a chaotic and inhumane world that did not respect hypothetical notions of civilization.